Gingival bleeding is the most obvious indicator of gum disease. So why do our gums bleed? If there is an infection somewhere, the defense mechanism of our body expands the vessels there and causes more defense cells to flow to that area. Excessive swelling of the vessels causes edema and redness in the tissue, as well as swelling and thinning of the vessel walls, causing bleeding as a result of the slightest trauma.
The capillaries in the part of the gum close to the tartar expand to create defense against the bacteria inside the tartar. After the actions that create mechanical pressure on the gums such as apple biting or tooth brushing, the expanded capillaries start to bleed by being traumatized. The problem of bleeding gums can only be solved by removing the causative tartar. After the tartar is removed, the capillaries narrow, the edematous and red appearance disappears and the gum returns to its old healthy pink appearance.