Conservative Treatment / Bonding
What is it?
Bonding is the use of a tooth-colored composite resin (plastic) to repair a decayed, chipped, fractured or discolored tooth.
What It’s Used For?
Bonding is an easy and cheaper cosmetic dental procedure. Mostly it is used for cosmetic purposes. It is used to improve the appearance of a discolored or chipped tooth. It is possible to close the spaces between teeth. Also it can be used to make teeth look longer and to change the shape or the color of the teeth.
No preparation often is needed for bonding. May be a little preparation can be needed. If the bonding is not being used to fill a decayed tooth, anesthesia is not usually needed.
How It’s Done?
• After choosing the color, the dentist will abrade or etch the surface of the tooth by using Er:Yag laser in order to roughen it.
• Then he/she will coat lightly the tooth with a conditioning liquid so that the bonding material can easily adhere.
• The tooth-colored resin is applied after the preparation of the tooth. Until it takes its proper shape the resin is molded and smoothed.
• With help of an ultraviolet light the material is hardened.
• The dentist will also trim and shape it after bonding material hardens.
• After that he/she polishes the material until it becomes as shiny as the rest of the tooth.
The procedure time is about 30 minutes to an hour. If there are more than one tooth will be done, several visits will be needed.
For the first 48 hours after a composite procedure, you should avoid eating or drinking foods and drinks that can stain in order to prevent or minimize stains. Tea, coffee, cigarette smoke can stain the resin, which is used in bonding. You should have cleaned your teeth regularly by a dentist in addition to brush them.
The composite resin that is used in bonding is not as strong as a natural tooth. It can be chipped if you chew on ice or pens. Bonding lasts usually several years and then it can be repaired. The oral habits and how much bonding was done have an important role in adjusting the lasting time of the bonding.